Who, whom, whatever, wherever

πŸ”πŸ”πŸ”πŸ”πŸ”πŸ”πŸ”πŸ”πŸ”πŸ”

Self Remider, diingat ya Prill..

#QOW16C_PEMBAHASAN

1. He is the man who Peter, Paul, and Mary heartily believe is Sir Fragalot.

πŸ“Analisanya:
Kalimat BENAR
Kalimat rumit di atas dapat kita pecah menjadi,
# He’s the man.
# Peter, Paul and Mary believe that the man (=HE) is Sir Fragalot.

“The man” pada klausa ke2 lebih tepat jika kita ganti dengan pronoun HE, bukan HIM, jadi connector sudah tepat menggunakan WHO.

Coba kita terapkan pada kalimat dengan pola sama tapi lebih sederhana,
@ He is a man who I believe can do anything.
–> He is a man who can do anything.
(simple version)
@ They’re people who I believe will need your help.
–> They’re people who will need your help. (simple version)
@ She is the girl that I believe is the love of my life.
–> She’s the girl who is the love of my life. (simple version)

Namun, menurut grammar girl If you add the words TO BEΒ  to it makes WHOM the correct choice.

He is the man whom Peter, Paul, and Mary heartily believe to be Sir Fragalot.

He is the man whom they believe to be Sir Fragalot. (Whom is the subject of the infinitive to be). The answer to the question “Whom do they believe Sir Fragalot to be?” is “They believe him to be Sir Fragalot.” Him equals whom; they’re both object pronouns.

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2. We never did meet his teammate whom he said works the room in his absence.

πŸ“Analisanya:
Kalimat SALAH.
Klausa pada kalimat di atas yaitu,
# We never did meet his teammate.
# He said that his teammate (=HE) works the room in his absence.

“His teammate” pada klausa ke2 lebih tepat jika kita ganti dengan pronoun HE, bukan HIM, jadi connector lebih tepat menggunakan WHO, bukan whom.

Kalimat di atas bisa disederhanakan menjadi seperti ini,
@ We never met his teammate WHO works the room in his absence.

Ingat, yah, did meet = met, digunakan dengan tujuan untuk menyangatkan atau efek penekanan.

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3. The potato can survive almost when the human can

πŸ“Analisanya:
Kalimat SALAH
When adalah connector untuk keterangan waktu, tidak tepat diterapkan pada kalimat ini. Lebih tepat menggunakan whatever/wherever

@ The potato can survive almost whatever/wherever the human can.
–> Kentang dapat bertahan dengan apapun/dimanapun yang manusia juga bisa bertahan (dengannya).
Atau dengan kalimat lain,
Jika manusia dapat bertahan dalam kondisi tertentu, maka tanaman kentang juga bisa.

Contoh kalimat lain dengan pola sama,
# You can do whatever I can.

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Done,
Hope u nailed it.

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