Just Reminder

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Its time for Pembahasan….

#QOW18B_PEMBAHASAN

1. Although the Earth’s chemical composition had been studied for years, only toward the end of the nineteenth century _____ as a discipline in its own right.
(A) when geochemistry was recognized
(B) was geochemistry as recognized
(C) then recognized as geochemistry
(D) as geochemistry was recognized

📝analisanya :

Result:  B
1. Although the Earth’s chemical composition had been studied for years, only toward the end of the nineteenth century was geochemistry as recognised as a discipline in its own right.

Part of speech:

1. Although ➖ contrast connector
the Earth’s chemical composition ➖ Subject/ noun
had been studied ➖ verb 3 passive voice
for ➖ preposition
years ➖ object of preposition / noun (plural).

Only ➖ negative word for inverted sentence
toward ➖ preposition
the end of the nineteenth century ➖ object of preposition
was ➖ to be / verb
geochemistry ➖ noun
as …. as ➖ conjunction / to compare two things
recognised ➖ past participle
a ➖ article singular
discipline ➖ noun no plural
in ➖ preposition
its own right ➖ object of preposition

Free Analysis:
1. Usually if we found a word as for a conjunction not a preposition, means that the word has a format (subject + verb + 👉🏻as + adj + as👈🏻 + noun). As … as is used to compare two things.

Theoretical analysis:
1. Subject and verb can be inverted in a negative sentence. When some of the negative expressions such as no, not, only, or never are put in front of the sentence.
(Miikha, 2C:2016)

👆Penjelasan diatas dilengkapi oleh 👇

☀ Analisis semantic
Meskipun komposisi kimia bumi telah dipelajari selama bertahun-tahun, hanya pada akhir abad kesembilanbelas geokimia sama dikenalnya seperti ilmu/disiplin yang berdiri sendiri.

Mengutip sedikit sejarah geokimia :
“There was little collaboration between geologists and chemists and the field of geochemistry remained small and unrecognised. In the late 19th Century a Swiss man by the name of Victor Goldschmidt was born, who later became known as the father of geochemistry.[4] His paper, Geochemische Verteilungsgesetze der Elemente, on the distribution of elements in nature has been referred to as the START of geochemistry.”

Berdasarkan sejarah mmg geokimia diawal abad 19 itu baru MULAI menjadi disiplin/field study baru. Shngga kalimat soal menggunakan as recognized as a discipline 👍👍👍

☀Analisis syntactic
1. Although: conjunction yg menyatakan pertentangan. Klausa setelahnya merupakan subordinate clause yg membutuhkan main clause utk melengkapinya.
2. subordinate clause: the Earth’s chemical composition had been studied for years
3. main clause: only toward the end of the nineteenth century _____ as a discipline in its own right.

– main clause tsb mrpkn bentuk inverted S n V karena adanya ekspresi negatif: Only.
Kalimat awalnya: geochemistry was as recognized as a discipline in its own right; dg adanya eksp negatif maka letak geochemistry ditukar dg was.
(Nurfidini, 1A:2016)

🎓 Xtra info:
Kalimat ini jika diubah dalam bentuk non inverted menjadi,
“Although the Earth’s chemical composition had been studied for years, geochemistry was as recognized as a discipline in its own right only toward the end of the nineteenth century .”

✏Answer: B. was geochemistry as recognized

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2. Because the wood of the dogwood tree is very hard, _____ is used for objects, such as roller skate wheels, in which hardness is desired.
(A) and
(B) it
(C) what
(D) thus

📝analisanya :
☀ Analisis semantic
Karena kayu dari pohon dogwood sangat keras, kayu pohon dogwood digunakan pada berbagai benda, seperti roda roller skate, dimana kekerasan dibutuhkan.

– dari sini kita tahu bhw kalimat mmbutuhkan S, yaitu kayu.

☀Analisis syntactic
kalimat mmbutuhkan S, yaitu kayu. Pronoun utk benda adalah it, maka B 👍👍👍
Adapun pilihan lain merupakan penghubung:
(A) and
(C) what
(D) thus
(Nurfidini, 1A:2016)

✏Answer: B. It

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3. In hot, dry regions, the Sun’s heat causes the outer layer of rocks _____, a process called exfoliation.
(A) are expanded and peeled away
(B) to expand and peel away
(C) expands and peels away
(D) they expand and peel away

📝analisanya :

(A) are expanded and peeled away->meskipun di awal kalimat ada preposition (in), penggunaan to be (are) sebelum subjecg tidak tepat pada kalimat ini karena setelah preposition phrase (in hot dry) disertai tanda koma, appositive (dry regions) kemudian & tanda koma lagi yang selanjutnya terdapat subject (the Sun’s heat) & verb (causes). Maka, to be are tidak bisa menjadi verb. Selain itu, subject pada kalimat adalah singular noun (the Sun’s heat).
(B)to expand and peel away👍->kata to sebelum kata expand & peel away secara grammar merupakan infinitive dengan ‘to’ yang diikuti simple form verb yang bermakna tujuan. Secara grammar letak infinitive dengan to dalam kalimat ini sebagai complement construction
(C) expands and peels away->kedua verb merupakan bentuk main verb. Padahal pada kalimat ini sudah ada main verb (causes), maka secara grammar salah.
(D) they expand and peel away->kata they sebagai pronoun plural subject. Padahal subject dalam kalimat adalah singular subject. Verb expand & peel away yang terletak setelah kata pronoun they secara grammar sudah tepat, tetapi secara makna kalimat keseluruhan tidak tepat.
Selangkapnya kalimat tersebut adalah ‘in hot, dry regions, the Sun’s heat causes the outer layer of rocks to expand and peel away, a process called exfoliation’.
(Aish,1A: 2016)

👆Penjelasan diatas dilengkapi oleh 👇

☀ Analisis semantic
Di wilayah panas, kering, panas matahari menyebabkan lapisan terluar batu-batu mengembang (memuai) dan mengelupas, proses ini disebut pengelupasan.

☀Analisis syntactic
In hot, dry regions, the Sun’s heat causes the outer layer of rocks _____, a process called exfoliation.
In= preposisi
hot, dry regions= obj of prep dari in
In hot, dry regions= frasa preposisi yg memberikan keterangan tempat
the Sun’s heat= subject, heat merupakan uncountable or singular noun/ a noun that has no plural
causes= verb, karena S singular👉 V+s/es
– the outer layer= direct obj
– of= preposisi
– rocks= obj of prep

To infinitive mrupakan kata yg dibentuk dr verb dg pola to+verb (bare infinitive), dpt berfungsi sbg noun, adj dan adv.
Blank pada soal butuh diisi dg adj yg menjelaskan rocks. Maka digunakan to infinitive yg berfungsi sbg adj. Adapun piliahn lain tidak tepat karena menawarkan V lagi (pilihan A dan C👉 kalimat mnjd double V) atau S dan V (pilihan D👉  kalimat mnjd double S dan V)
(Nurfidini, 1A:2016)

✏Answer: B. to expand and peel away
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DONE,
Keep up the good works guys🙂

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